While you cannot push the analogy too far, I do think that we should liken the classroom to modern business. The Chairman of a company together with the board of directors is responsible for the overall strategy and the intended outcomes. The manager and employees are there to see that the strategy and outcomes are achieved but expect to be able in various ways to influence how they are arrived at.
Similarly the teacher is analogous with the board of directors and the pupils with the employees. I.e. the teacher is entirely responsible for what is to be learnt but the learners have some freedom to chose the method.